Friday, 27 February 2015


     Glaucus1 (sea god)  
                            In Greek mythology, Glaucus was described as a mortal fisherman living in the Boeotian city of Anthedon, accidentally he discovered a magical herb which could bring the fish he caught back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but also caused him to grow fins instead of arms and a fish's tail instead of legs, forcing him to dwell forever in the sea.  Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.  In some versions, Glaucus was described as a marine born son of Nereus or Poseidon.  
Glaucus and Scylla

                         In one version(perhaps in error), Glaucus was described as the builder of the ship Argo and its clever diver, accompanied the ArgonautsIn the sea-fight against the Doliones, Glaucus fall in the sea and sank to the bottom of the sea, where he was visible to none. He became a marine deity, and was of service to the Argonauts

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       Glaucus2 (son of Minos)
                                        In Greek mythology, Glaucus was described as the son of the Cretan king Minos and his wife Pasiphae. One day Glaucus while playing with a ball or chasing a mouse fell into a jar of honey and thus he died. Unable to find their son, Minos and Pasiphae went to the Oracle at Delphi, who told them, "A marvelous creature has been born amongst you, whoever finds the true likeness for this creature will also find the child." There was a newborn calf in Minos herd, which changed color three times a day, from white to red to black. The seer Polyeidus observed the similarity to the ripening of the fruit of the blackberry plant, and Minos sent him to find Glaucus. Polyeidus was the same seer who had advised Bellerophon on how to tame the flying horse Pegasus.
Glaucus...son of Minos

                                                      Searching for the boy, Polyidus saw an owl driving bees away from a wine-cellar in Minos' palace. Inside the wine-cellar was a cask of honey, with Glaucus dead inside. Minos demanded Glaucus be brought back to life, though Polyidus objected. Minos was justified in his insistence, as the Delphic Oracle had said that the seer would restore the child alive. Minos shut Polyidus up in the wine-cellar with a sword. Polyeidus did not know what to do, until a snake crawled into the room and died or Polyidus killed it with the sword.  Another snake came for the first, and after seeing its mate dead, the second serpent left and brought back a herb which then brought the first snake back to life. Polyidus used the same herb to resurrect Glaucus. 
                                  Minos refused to let Polyidus leave Crete until he taught Glaucus the art of divination. Polyidus did so, but then, at the last second before leaving, he asked Glaucus to spit in his mouth. Glaucus did so and forgot everything he had been taught. Glaucus later led an army that attacked Italy, introducing to them the military girdle and shield.


       Glaucus3 (son of Sisyphus)                          
                                  In Greek mythology, Glaucus was described as the the Corinthian king, son of  Merope, the daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades. By marrying Sisyphus, Merope became the only one of her sister Pleiades to mate with a mortal.  Sisyphus had tried to arrange a marriage for Glaucus with the shape-shifting Mestra, a daughter of Erysichthon, but despite the payment of valuable bride-gifts, she eluded the marriage. 
                                         Glaucus then married a daughter of Nisus named Eurymede (or Eurynome). With Eurymede, he became the father the hero Bellerophon. In other version,  Zeus had declared that Glaucus would sire no children even by his own wife,  as he  offended  goddess Aphrodite. Sea god Poseidon  secretly had sex with Eurymede (wife of Glaucus), who bore the hero Bellerophon. Bellerophon was raised by Glaucus, who thought Bellerophon was his own son.
                                          According to some versions, Glaucus offended the goddess Aphrodite, by  not allow his mares to mate, that they might be the stronger for the horse race or by scorning her in generalAccording to others version, he fed his mare with human flesh, for the purpose of making them spirited and warlike. 

      In any case, it made Aphrodite or the gods in general, angry at Glaucus.  At the funeral games of Pelias in Iolcus,  Glaucus took part in them with a chariot and four horses, but the animals were frightened and upset the chariot. Glaucus was thrown and torn to pieces by his own horses. 
                    In some versions, Glaucus ghost was said to appear to the horses racing at the Isthmian games and terrify them. He was accordingly worshipped on the Isthmus, under the name of Taraxippos, or Terrifier of Horses.

   Glaucus4(grandson of Bellerophon)
                         In Greek mythology, Glaucus was was described as the son of Hippolochus and a grandson of Bellerophon. He was a captain in the Lycian army under the command of his close friend and cousin Sarpedon. The Lycians in the Trojan War were allies of Troy. During the war Glaucus fought valiantly, killing four Greeks.

                                                 According to Greek legend, Glaucua met Diomedes in the field of battle in face to face combat. In response to Diomedes' challenge to him, Glaucus said that as a grandson of Bellerophon he would fight anybody. On learning of Glaucus' ancestry Diomedes planted his spear in the ground and told of how his grandfather Oeneus was a close friend of Bellerophon, and declared that the two of them despite being on opposing sides should continue the friendship. As a sign of friendship Diomedes took off his bronze armor worth 9 oxen and gave it to Glaucus. Glaucus then had his wits taken by Zeus and gave Diomedes his gold armor said to be worth 100 oxen.

                                            Glaucus was in the division of Sarpedon and Asteropaios when the Trojans assaulted the Greek wall. Their division fought valiantly, allowing Hector to break through the wall. During this assault Teucer shot Glaucus with an arrow, wounding him and forcing him to withdraw from combat. Later, upon seeing Sarpedon mortally wounded, Glaucus prayed to Apollo, asking him to help him to rescue the body of his dying friend. Apollo cured his wound, allowing Glaucus to rally the Trojans around the body of Sarpedon until the gods carried the body away. Later in the war, when the fighting over Achilles' corpse took place, Glaucus was killed by Ajax. His body, however, was rescued by Aeneas and was then taken by Apollo to Lycia for funeral rites.

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